AAOS Shoulder Exercises And Conditioning Program

An exercise conditioning program will help you return to regular activities and live a more active, healthy lifestyle after an injury or surgery.

Returning to sports and other recreational activities will be easier if you follow a well-structured conditioning program.

This is a broad-based conditioning program featuring a range of exercises.

Physical therapy should be followed under the advice of your doctor to ensure that it is safe and beneficial for you.

Consult your doctor or physical therapist to discover which exercises will best aid you in accomplishing your rehabilitation objectives.

Maintaining the strength of these muscles can help decrease shoulder pain and avoid additional injury.

Stretching the muscles you've strengthened is crucial for restoring range of motion and avoiding injury.

Stretching gently after strength training can help minimize muscular discomfort and keep muscles long and flexible.

AAOS Shoulder Exercises And Conditioning Program
AAOS Shoulder Exercises And Conditioning Program

Related Articles:

Top 7 Anterior Deltoid Exercises For Broad Shoulder

Biceps Tendonitis Exercises For Your Injured Shoulder

What's the quickest way to recover from a frozen shoulder?

An anti-inflammatory medicine such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil), or naproxen may be prescribed by your doctor (Aleve, Naprosyn, Anaprox).

Pain can also be relieved by applying an ice pack or a bag of frozen vegetables to the shoulder.

It should be applied for 10 to 15 minutes several times a day.

Targeted Muscle Groups

The following muscle groups are targeted in this conditioning program:

  • Deltoids are a kind of deltoid (front, back and over the shoulder)
  • Muscles of the trapezius (upper back)
  • Muscles of the rhomboid (upper back)
  • Muscles of Teres (supporting the shoulder joint)
  • Supraspinatus is a muscle in the back of the neck (supporting the shoulder joint)
  • Infraspinatus is a type of infraspinatus muscle (supporting the shoulder joint)
  • Subscapularis is a muscle in the scapula (front of shoulder)
  • Biceps flexors (front of upper arm)
  • Triceps brachii (back of upper arm)

This shoulder training program should be continued unless your orthopaedic surgeon or physical therapist advises otherwise.

After you've recovered, you can use these exercises as a sports medicine and maintenance routine to keep your shoulders safe and healthy for the rest of your life.

Do the exercises two to three times per week to maintain shoulder strength and range of motion on the affected arm and avoid fracture, knee replacement, poor posture because of pain and may result into orthopedic surgery.


After an accident or surgery, the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons (AAOS) recommends that people participate in suitable exercise conditioning programs to assist them swiftly return to their normal daily activities and live a more active and healthier lifestyle.

Exercises for Spine Rehabilitation

An exercise conditioning program will assist patients strengthen the muscles that support the spine after a spine accident or surgery.

Back pain can be relieved and additional injury avoided by keeping these muscles strong.

Exercises for Hip Rehabilitation

The goal of the hip rehabilitation exercise program is to strengthen the muscles that support the hip joint and maintain it stable.

Maintaining the strength of these muscles can help to alleviate pain and prevent further injury.

Exercises for Knee Rehabilitation

To help minimize stress on the knee joint, the knee rehabilitation exercise program focuses on strengthening the muscles that support the patient's knee.

Strong muscles aid in the shock absorption of your knee joint.

Exercises for Rotator Cuff and Shoulder Rehabilitation

The goal of the rotator cuff and shoulder rehabilitation program is to strengthen the muscles that support the patient's shoulder in order to keep the joint stable, relieve pain, and avoid further injury.

Rehabilitation Exercises for the Feet and Ankles

The lower legs, tendons, and ligaments that control foot movement are targeted in the foot and ankle rehabilitation program.

Injuries to the rotator cuff

Rotator cuff injuries are common in sports like tennis and baseball.

The majority of rotator cuff tear injuries are caused by repetitive overhead external rotation actions.

Athletes who play baseball or tennis, as well as persons who work in vocations that require repetitive overhead motions, such as house painting or construction, are at risk for rotator cuff injury.

Rotator cuff injury impingement is the pinching of one of the rotator cuff tendons, or other soft tissue, that passes through the area between the upper arm bone, or humerus, and the shoulder blade, or scapula, as a result of overuse.

When muscle tension or other overuse injuries create swelling in the shoulder joint, the space between the bones narrows, impingement occurs and may result into shoulder injury and shoulder instability that may affect your shoulder muscles and shoulder socket.

People can torn rotator cuff's tendinitis or ligament, however this is less common than overuse injuries.

Rotator cuff injuries can be excruciatingly painful, but they usually recover with rest and strengthening activities.

Following a conditioning program, according to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, can help a person for pain relief and return to daily activities as well as any sports or other recreational activities that they were doing before the injury.

Conditioning for the Rotator Cuff and Shoulder Movement

1. Pendulum

  • Instructions in a step-by-step format
  • Place one hand on a counter or table and lean forward.
  • support.
  • Allow your other arm to hang at your side.
  • Swing your arm forth and back gently.
  • Rep the exercise once more.
  • Repeat in a circular motion, rotating your arm from side to side motion.
  • With the other arm, repeat the entire sequence.

2. Arm Stretches with a Crossover

Arm Stretches with a Crossover
  • Gently pull one arm over your chest as far as possible while relaxing your shoulders.
  • Holding your upper arm, if feasible.
  • Hold the stretch for 30 seconds before relaxing for the same amount of time.
  • Switch arms and repeat.

3. Internal Rotation

Internal Rotation
  • With one hand, lightly hold a stick behind your back.
  • With your other hand, hold the other end of the stick.
  • Pull the stick horizontally as instructed so that your shoulder is parallel to the ground.
  • Stretched passively until a pull is felt but no discomfort is felt.
  • Hold for 30 seconds before relaxing for the same amount of time.
  • Switch sides and repeat.

4. External Passive Rotation

External Passive Rotation
  • Hold the stick in one hand and cup the other end of the stick in the other.
  • Continue to use the opposite hand.
  • Maintain contact with the elbow of the shoulder you're stretching.
  • Push the stick horizontally as far as you can on the side of your body.
  • Hold for 30 seconds before relaxing for the same amount of time.
  • Switch sides and repeat.

5. Sleeper

  • Lie down on your side on a hard, level surface with the affected side facing up.
  • As demonstrated, place your shoulder under your arm and bend your arm.
  • If necessary, rest your head on a pillow for support.
  • Push your other arm down with your unaffected arm. Stop
  • When you feel a stretch in the back of your neck, press down.
  • shoulder that is afflicted
  • Hold this position for 30 seconds before letting go of your arm.
  • Timer: 30 seconds

When should you see a doctor?

If a person's shoulder hurts or swells frequently, he or she should see a doctor.

If you have any of the following symptoms in your shoulder, you should consult a doctor right away since you may have a rotator cuff injury:

  • Pain, particularly if it does not go away with rest
  • Swelling
  • Around the joint, there is redness or pain.

A person with a more serious rotator cuff injury may require immediate medical intervention.

  • Intense pain that comes on suddenly
  • Deformity of a visible joint
  • Inability to move the joint in the shoulder
  • A rapid increase in size

Final Thoughts

The rotator cuff is a collection of four shoulder muscles.

The rotator cuff is very easy to injury because the shoulder joint is so flexible and individuals utilize it so much.

People who have rotator cuff problems or soreness may benefit from the easy exercises listed above to strengthen and stretch this portion of their body.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

How do you strengthen your shoulders after subluxation?

Shoulder abduction isometrically
Place your affected arm against a wall.
Bend your arm up to 90 degrees (like the letter “L”) and turn your palm as if you're ready to shake someone's hand.
Maintain a tight grip on the wall with your forearm and elbow.
Hold for a total of six counts.
Rep 8–12 times more.

What are the best exercises for shoulder tendonitis?

Bend over at the waist and passively let your arm dangle down.
Swing the arm gently forth and backward in a circular motion, using your body to initiate movement.
3 to 5 times per day, do this pendulum exercise for many minutes. Before stretching, perform this exercise as a warm-up.

What aggravates frozen shoulder?

It can happen if you can't move your shoulder well due to an accident or surgery, or if you have diabetes, which can exacerbate symptoms and lengthen their duration. Thyroid issues, Parkinson's disease, heart disease, and some HIV drugs have all been linked to frozen shoulder.